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Evolution a Very Short Introduction by Brian Charlesworth

Title Evolution a Very Short Introduction
Author Brian Charlesworth
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release 2017-06-22
Category
Total Pages 160
ISBN 0198804369
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Less than 450 years ago, all European scholars believed that the Earth was at the centre of a Universe that was at most a few million miles in extent, and that the planets, sun, and stars all rotated around this centre. Less than 250 years ago, they believed that the Universe was createdessentially in its present state about 6000 years ago. Even less than 150 years ago, the view that living species were the result of special creation by God was still dominant. The recognition by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace of the mechanism of evolution by natural selection hascompletely transformed our understanding of the living world, including our own origins. In this Very Short Introduction Brian and Deborah Charlesworth provide a clear and concise summary of the process of evolution by natural selection, and how natural selection gives rise to adaptations and eventually, over many generations, to new species. They introduce the central concepts of thefield of evolutionary biology, as they have developed since Darwin and Wallace on the subject, over 140 years ago, and discuss some of the remaining questions regarding processes. They highlight the wide range of evidence for evolution, and the importance of an evolutionary understanding forinstance in combating the rapid evolution of resistance by bacteria to antibiotics and of HIV to antiviral drugs. This reissue includes some key updates to the main text and a completely updated Further Reading section.ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Human Evolution by Bernard Wood

Title Human Evolution
Author Bernard Wood
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release 2019
Category Fossil hominids
Total Pages 160
ISBN 0198831749
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The study of human evolution is advancing rapidly. Newly discovered fossil evidence is adding ever more pieces to the puzzle of our past, whilst revolutionary technological advances in the study of ancient DNA are completely reshaping theories of early human populations and migrations.In this Very Short Introduction Bernard Wood traces the history of paleoanthropology from its beginnings in the eighteenth century to the very latest fossil finds. In this new edition he discusses how Ancient DNA studies have revolutionized how we view the recent (post-550 ka) human evolution, andthe process of speciation. The combination of ancient and modern human DNA has contributed to discoveries of new taxa, as well as the suggestion of "ghost" taxa whose fossil records still remain to be discovered. Considering the contributions of related sciences such as paleoclimatology,geochronology, systematics, genetics, and developmental biology, Wood explores our latest understandings of our own evolution.ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Philosophy of Biology by Samir Okasha

Title Philosophy of Biology
Author Samir Okasha
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release 2019-11-07
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 152
ISBN 019880699X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Over the last forty years the philosophy of biology has emerged as an important sub-discipline of the philosophy of science. Covering some of science's most divisive topics, such as philosophical issues in genetics, it also encompasses areas where modern biology has increasingly impinged on traditional philosophical questions, such as free will, essentialism, and nature vs nurture. In this Very Short Introduction Samir Okasha outlines the core issues with which contemporary philosophy of biology is engaged. Offering a whistle-stop tour of the history of biology, he explores key ideas and paradigm shifts throughout the centuries, including areas such as the theory of evolution by natural selection; the concepts of function and design; biological individuality; and the debate over adaptationism. Throughout Okasha makes clear the relevance of biology for understanding human beings, human society, and our place in the natural world, and the importance of engaging with these issues. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Title Darwin A Very Short Introduction
Author Jonathan Howard
Publisher Oxford Paperbacks
Release 2001-02-22
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 125
ISBN 0192854542
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Arguments still rage about the implications of the evolutionary theory, and scepticism about Darwin's contribution to knowledge is widespread. This accessible study reasserts the importance of Darwin's work for the development of modern biology.

Genes by Jonathan Slack

Title Genes
Author Jonathan Slack
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release 2014
Category Science
Total Pages 120
ISBN 019967650X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Explores the discovery, nature, and role of genes in evolution and development.

Love by Ronald De Sousa

Title Love
Author Ronald De Sousa
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release 2015
Category Psychology
Total Pages 130
ISBN 019966384X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Explores the philosophical notion of love, and argues that love is more complex than conventional thought would have us believe.

Title Teeth A Very Short Introduction
Author Peter S. Ungar
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release 2014-03
Category Medical
Total Pages 144
ISBN 0199670595
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Teeth are amazing - the product of half a billion years of evolution. They provide fuel for the body by breaking apart other living things; and they must do it again and again over a lifetime without themselves being broken in the process. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter S. Ungar, an award-winning author and leading scientist, presents the story of teeth. Ungar outlines the key concepts, including insights into the origin of teeth and theirevolution. Considering why teeth are important, he describes how they are made, and how they work, including their fundamental importance in the fossil record. Ungar finishes with a review of mammal teeth, looking athow they evolved and how recent changes to our diet are now affecting dental health.

Title The Animal Kingdom A Very Short Introduction
Author Peter Holland
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release 2011-11-24
Category Science
Total Pages 126
ISBN 0199593213
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Molecular biology has revolutionized our understanding of animals and their evolution. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Holland provides an authoritative summary of the modern view of animal life, its origins, and the new classification resulting from DNA studies.

Philosophy of Science by Samir Okasha

Title Philosophy of Science
Author Samir Okasha
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release 2016
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 140
ISBN 0198745583
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

How much faith should we place in what scientists tell us? Is it possible for scientific knowledge to be fully "objective?" What, really, can be defined as science? In the second edition of this Very Short Introduction, Samir Okasha explores the main themes and theories of contemporary philosophy of science, and investigates fascinating, challenging questions such as these. Starting at the very beginning, with a concise overview of the history of science, Okasha examines the nature of fundamental practices such as reasoning, causation, and explanation. Looking at scientific revolutions and the issue of scientific change, he asks whether there is a discernible pattern to the way scientific ideas change over time, and discusses realist versus anti-realist attitudes towards science. He finishes by considering science today, and the social and ethical philosophical questions surrounding modern science. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Title Astrobiology A Very Short Introduction
Author David C. Catling
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release 2013-10-24
Category Science
Total Pages 142
ISBN 0199586454
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Examines the origins of life on Earth and the search for extraterrestrial life, through an understanding of the factors that have allowed life to exist on this planet and the commonalities on others that may enable life elsewhere.

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