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Why Civil Resistance Works by Erica Chenoweth

Title Why Civil Resistance Works
Author Erica Chenoweth
Publisher Columbia University Press
Release 2012-11-01
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 296
ISBN 0231156839
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

For more than a century, from 1900 to 2006, campaigns of nonviolent resistance were more than twice as effective as their violent counterparts in achieving their stated goals. By attracting impressive support from citizens, whose activism takes the form of protests, boycotts, civil disobedience, and other forms of nonviolent noncooperation, these efforts help separate regimes from their main sources of power and produce remarkable results, even in Iran, Burma, the Philippines, and the Palestinian Territories. Combining statistical analysis with case studies of specific countries and territories, Erica Chenoweth and Maria J. Stephan detail the factors enabling such campaigns to succeed and, sometimes, causing them to fail. They find that nonviolent resistance presents fewer obstacles to moral and physical involvement and commitment, and that higher levels of participation contribute to enhanced resilience, greater opportunities for tactical innovation and civic disruption (and therefore less incentive for a regime to maintain its status quo), and shifts in loyalty among opponents' erstwhile supporters, including members of the military establishment. Chenoweth and Stephan conclude that successful nonviolent resistance ushers in more durable and internally peaceful democracies, which are less likely to regress into civil war. Presenting a rich, evidentiary argument, they originally and systematically compare violent and nonviolent outcomes in different historical periods and geographical contexts, debunking the myth that violence occurs because of structural and environmental factors and that it is necessary to achieve certain political goals. Instead, the authors discover, violent insurgency is rarely justifiable on strategic grounds.

Civil Resistance by Erica Chenoweth

Title Civil Resistance
Author Erica Chenoweth
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release 2021-02-26
Category Political Science
Total Pages 256
ISBN 0190244429
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A sweeping overview of civil resistance movements around the world that explains what they are, how they work, why they are often effective, and why they can fail. Civil resistance is a method of conflict through which unarmed civilians use a variety of coordinated methods (strikes, protests, demonstrations, boycotts, and many other tactics) to prosecute a conflict without directly harming or threatening to harm an opponent. Sometimes called nonviolent resistance, unarmed struggle, or nonviolent action, this form of political action is now a mainstay across the globe. It was been a central form of resistance in the 1989 revolutions and in the Arab Spring, and it is now being practiced widely in Trump's America. If we are going to understand the manifold protest movements emerging around the globe, we need a thorough understanding of civil resistance and its many dynamics and manifestations. In Civil Resistance: What Everyone Needs to Know®, Erica Chenoweth -- one of the world's leading scholars on the topic--explains what civil resistance is, how it works, why it sometimes fails, how violence and repression affect it, and the long-term impacts of such resistance. Featuring both historical cases of civil resistance and more contemporary examples such as the Arab Awakenings and various ongoing movements in the United States, this book provides a comprehensive yet pithy overview of this enormously important subject.

A Theory of Nonviolent Action by Stellan Vinthagen

Title A Theory of Nonviolent Action
Author Stellan Vinthagen
Publisher Zed Books Ltd.
Release 2015-11-15
Category Social Science
Total Pages 408
ISBN 1780320531
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In this ground-breaking and much-needed book, Stellan Vinthagen provides the first major systematic attempt to develop a theory of nonviolent action since Gene Sharp's seminal The Politics of Nonviolent Action in 1973. Employing a rich collection of historical and contemporary social movements from various parts of the world as examples - from the civil rights movement in America to anti-Apartheid protestors in South Africa to Gandhi and his followers in India - and addressing core theoretical issues concerning nonviolent action in an innovative, penetrating way, Vinthagen argues for a repertoire of nonviolence that combines resistance and construction. Contrary to earlier research, this repertoire - consisting of dialogue facilitation, normative regulation, power breaking and utopian enactment - is shown to be both multidimensional and contradictory, creating difficult contradictions within nonviolence, while simultaneously providing its creative and transformative force. An important contribution in the field, A Theory of Nonviolent Action is essential for anyone involved with nonviolent action who wants to think about what they are doing.

How Civil Resistance Works by Joint Special Operations

Title How Civil Resistance Works
Author Joint Special Operations
Publisher
Release 2019-12-03
Category
Total Pages 108
ISBN 9781670911490
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title The Role of External Support in Nonviolent Campaigns
Author Erica Chenoweth
Publisher
Release 2021-02-04
Category
Total Pages 108
ISBN 9781943271368
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Nonviolent campaigns usually take place in complex domestic and international settings, where support from outside actors can be a double-edged sword. We argue that nonviolent campaigns tend to benefit the most from external assistance that allows them to generate high participation, maintain nonviolent discipline, deter crackdowns, and elicit security force defections. But various forms of external assistance have mixed effects on the characteristics and outcomes of nonviolent campaigns. We use original qualitative and quantitative data to examine the ways that external assistance impacted the characteristics and success rates of post-2000 maximalist uprisings. Among other findings, we argue that long-term investment in civil society and democratic institutions can strengthen the societal foundations for nonviolent movements; that activists who receive training prior to peak mobilization are much more likely to mobilize campaigns with high participation, low fatalities, and greater likelihood of defections; that donor coordination is important to be able to effectively support and leverage nonviolent campaigns; and that concurrent external support to armed groups tends to undermine nonviolent movements in numerous ways. Flexible donor assistance that supports safe spaces for campaign planning and relationship-building, and multilateral diplomatic pressure that mitigates regime repression can be particularly helpful for nonviolent campaigns.

Political Violence by Erica Chenoweth

Title Political Violence
Author Erica Chenoweth
Publisher SAGE Publications Limited
Release 2013-12-26
Category Political Science
Total Pages 1464
ISBN 9781446274071
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Although international relations as a field focuses largely on war and peace between nation-states, the vast majority of conflicts have been within countries rather than between them. This is particularly true today, with scarcely any ongoing interstate wars raging between countries, but dozens of armed civil conflicts occurring within them. This new four-volume major work surveys competing theories about the causes, character, and conclusion of substate political violence, and explores how states, non-state actors, and the international community attempt to resolve political violence. This new four-volume collection combines theories from international relations and comparative politics with empirical studies of recent and ongoing conflicts. Volume One: Concepts and Theories of Political Violence Volume Two: Causes of Political Violence Volume Three: Dynamics of Political Violence Volume Four: Responses and Alternatives to Political Violence

Becoming Utopian by Tom Moylan

Title Becoming Utopian
Author Tom Moylan
Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing
Release 2020-11-26
Category Literary Criticism
Total Pages 312
ISBN 1350133353
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A dream of a better world is a powerful human force that inspires activists, artists, and citizens alike. In this book Tom Moylan – one of the pioneering scholars of contemporary utopian studies – explores the utopian process in its individual and collective trajectory from dream to realization. Drawing on theorists such as Fredric Jameson, Donna Haraway and Alain Badiou and science fiction writers such as Kim Stanley Robinson and China Miéville, Becoming Utopian develops its argument for sociopolitical action through studies that range from liberation theology, ecological activism, and radical pedagogy to the radical movements of 1968. Throughout, Moylan speaks to the urgent need to confront and transform the global environmental, economic, political and cultural crises of our time.

How Civil Resistance Works And Why It Matters To SOF by Joint Special Operations University Pres

Title How Civil Resistance Works And Why It Matters To SOF
Author Joint Special Operations University Pres
Publisher
Release 2019-09-30
Category
Total Pages 108
ISBN 9781706604181
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Mr. Will Irwin reminds us in this extremely timely and well-written monograph, as John F. Kennedy observed more than a half century ago, that those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable. Million man protest marches in Hong Kong, riots and rebellion in Caracas, continued rumors of widespread discontent in Tehran, sabotage in the face of unspeakable brutality in North Korea, sectarian civil war in Syria, and the unrelenting assault on liberal democracy by the dictatorial regime in Moscow-the headlines of today have their seeds in the inherent fear of tyrants. It is that fear on which America must capitalize and be prepared to use to our advantage. These disturbances reveal the critical role that America's special warfare units play in the contemporary era of nation state competition and conflict, for it's their own people that our enemies fear most. Will Irwin's monograph is a timely and important contribution to what will eventually become canon for the American Way of Irregular War and the basis for the professional military education of its uniformed and civilian irregular warfare practitioners.

Title How Civil Resistance Works and why it Matters to SOF
Author Will Irwin
Publisher
Release 2019
Category Special forces (Military science)
Total Pages 92
ISBN
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"Mr. Will Irwin reminds us in this extremely timely and well-written monograph, as John F. Kennedy observed more than a half century ago, that those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable. Million man protest marches in Hong Kong, riots and rebellion in Caracas, continued rumors of widespread discontent in Tehran, sabotage in the face of unspeakable brutality in North Korea, sectarian civil war in Syria, and the unrelenting assault on liberal democracy by the dictatorial regime in Moscow -- the headlines of today have their seeds in the inherent fear of tyrants. It is that fear on which America must capitalize and be prepared to use to our advantage. These disturbances reveal the critical role that America's special warfare units play in the contemporary era of nation state competition and conflict, for it's their own people that our enemies fear most. Will Irwin's monograph is a timely and important contribution to what will eventually become canon for the American Way of Irregular War and the basis for the professional military education of its uniformed and civilian irregular warfare practitioners" -- Publisher's description.

Merdeka and the Morning Star by Jason Macleod

Title Merdeka and the Morning Star
Author Jason Macleod
Publisher Univ. of Queensland Press
Release 2015-12-01
Category Political Science
Total Pages 304
ISBN 070225567X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

An important addition to UQP’s internationally acclaimed Peace & Conflict Studies seriesWest Papua is a secret story. On the western half of the island of New Guinea, hidden from the world, in a place occupied by the Indonesian military since 1963, continues a remarkable nonviolent struggle for national liberation. In Merdeka and the Morning Star, academic Jason MacLeod gives an insider’s view of the trajectory and dynamics of civil resistance in West Papua. Here, the indigenous population has staged protests, boycotts, strikes and other nonviolent actions against repressive rule.This is the first in-depth account of civilian-led insurrection in West Papua, a movement that has transitioned from guerrilla warfare to persistent nonviolent resistance. MacLeod analyses several case studies, including tax resistance that pre-dates Gandhi’s Salt March by two decades, worker strikes at the world’s largest gold and copper mine, daring attempts to escape Indonesian rule by dugout canoe, and the collection of a petition in which signing meant to risk being shot dead.Merdeka and the Morning Star is a must-read for all those interested in Indonesia, the Pacific, self-determination struggles and nonviolent ways out of occupation.

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